Venous insufficiency is neither rare nor harmless. Treatment aims to alleviate symptoms while treating the underlying issue if possible.
No oral drug has yet been shown to be effective in the treatment of venous illness. Graduated compression is the foundation of contemporary venous insufficiency treatment.
What is venous insufficiency?
Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) happens when one or more veins, mostly in the legs, can't properly do their job of returning depleted blood to the heart, causing blood to pool in the vein. If blood is having difficulties returning to the heart for refortification and reoxygenation, the vein may look like a varicose vein or spider vein due to increased pressure in that location. If the vein is located deeper within your body, it can cause aches and pains.
Venous insufficiency can cause swelling, irritation, and, in extreme cases, deep vein thrombosis (DVT). CVI can also cause skin ulcers if the vein breaks through the skin if left untreated, which can lead to a severe infection.
Causes of venous insufficiency
In healthy veins, blood flows continuously from the limbs back to the heart. And the valves in the veins help to prevent blood backflow.
When normal blood flow through the veins is stopped, as in the case of a blood clot, it accumulates behind the clot, resulting in venous insufficiency.
The valves of varicose veins are frequently absent or damaged, allowing blood to seep back through the damaged valves. In some circumstances, venous insufficiency can be exacerbated by weakening in the leg muscles that squeeze blood forward.
Other risk factors are: obesity, pregnancy, smoking, cancer, muscle weakness, leg injury, or trauma, and swelling of a superficial vein (phlebitis).
If there is any genetic history of venous insufficiency, you may have this problem someday.
Long hours of sitting or standing without moving also may lead to venous insufficiency.
Treatments for chronic venous insufficiency
Laser therapy involves inserting a tiny fiber into the vein and then introducing heat. Before administering heat, a small catheter is directed into the afflicted vein using high-frequency radio waves.
Because of the heat, the vein closes and is finally absorbed by the body. These techniques can aid in the restoration of normal blood flow to the veins.
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