Fibroids (leiomyomas) are uterine growths or noncancerous tumors composed of smooth muscle cells and connective components. Fibroids are quite prevalent, with up to 70% of women developing uterine fibroids during their lifespan. You could have one or more fibroids at the same time.
Fibroids vary in shape and size, with some as little as seeds and others reaching the size of a grapefruit or greater. Fibroids can grow or shrink over time, and sex hormones (such as estrogen and progesterone) influence whether they shrink or grow.
Although uterine fibroids do not always cause symptoms, larger fibroids can cause pain and discomfort, including sex pain, low-back pain, and painful menstrual periods. Continue reading to find out how home remedies, lifestyle modifications, and doctor-prescribed therapies can help treat fibroids and relieve uncomfortable symptoms.
Certain diets, such as fruits and vegetables, lean meats, legumes, fatty fish, and green tea, may help prevent or reduce fibroid growth.
Eating red meat, drinking alcohol, and not getting enough vitamin D are all linked to fibroid growth. According to one study, women who were weak in vitamin D had the most fibroids. Including vitamin D-fortified items in your diet, such as cereal and milk, mushrooms, eggs, and almonds, may help prevent fibroid development and growth.
Eating a decent, balanced diet and exercising on a regular basis may help ease fibroid symptoms, but there is no evidence that they can shrink fibroids. If your fibroids are interfering with your everyday life, your doctor may recommend prescription drugs and/or medical procedures to shrink or remove the fibroids.
Although GnRH agonists efficiently shrink fibroids, they can have substantial side effects such as decreased bone mineral density.
Because of the potentially hazardous side effects, GnRH agonists are frequently administered on a short-term basis. There is also a chance that the fibroids will reappear once the medicine is stopped. For these reasons, GnRH agonists are frequently administered to women who are awaiting fibroid removal surgery.
Uterine Artery Embolization
The success rate of uterine artery embolization is high. Following UAE, more than 91 percent of women report a reduction in symptoms such as heavy menstrual flow, anemia, and pelvic pain. One year after the surgery, researchers observed a 73% reduction in fibroids in a 2021 study.
Laparoscopic Radiofrequency Ablation
Most women will see relief from fibroid symptoms three to six months after the operation. According to a 2019 analysis of RFA studies, fibroid volume fell by 66 percent a year following the procedure.
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